Irish people vote for the legalisation of abortion

Barbara Zak

On the 25th of May 2018, a referendum was held in Ireland concerning the legal authorisation of abortion in the country. Irish citizens voted in favour of maintaining or repealing of the Eighth Amendment of the Irish Constitution, that is to say to allow or not the Irish Parliament (Oireachtas) to enact laws regarding the termination of pregnancy.

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Copyright : Niall Carson/PA

The Eighth Amendment was introduced into the Irish Constitution following the 1983 referendum. It prohibits abortion in almost all cases as both the mother and the unborn child have a right to live. It officially made abortion illegal.

The Yes won over the No regarding the legalisation of abortion with 66.40% vs 33.60% of the votes. Nearly in every parliamentary constituencies, the Repeal of the amendment vote was predominant, except for the Donegal constituency. Thus, the Thirty-Sixth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2018, which is the legal name of the amendment to the constitution, will abrogate the article 40.3.3° of the Irish Constitution that prohibited abortion. Health Minister Simon Harris said that Irish people could expect the abortion legislation to pass by the autumn.

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Photo by Blue-Haired Lawyer.

Most political parties endorsed a Yes campaign, such as the Labour Party, the Green Party or Sinn Féin. However, it was mostly the issue regarding Savita Halappanavar’s death after being denied an abortion during a miscarriage that affected people and stirred the controversy surrounding the strictness over possibilities to abort. We should note that the turnout was high with 64.13% of the registered voters that came to the polling stations. During the campaign, the focus was not only on the easing of the restrictive regime that already existed (e.g. the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act (2013)) but to permit women to have the choice over abortion or not (up to twelve weeks of pregnancy). The international press welcomed the outcome of the referendum, even claiming that “liberty won in Ireland” (El País). On the other hand, anti-repeal partisans highlighted that every unborn child has a right to live and that abortion simply means killing a defenseless child who is not granted any choice over his own life.

In Europe, abortion is utterly illegal in Malta. It is legal in Northern Ireland and Poland when the life of the mother is in danger, when she faces health issues, in case of rape or if the foetus is defective. In the United Kingdom, Iceland and Finland, abortion is allowed just like in the case of Northern Ireland and Poland with the addition of socioeconomic factors.

 

 

 

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Sources :

„An Bille um an Séú Leasú is Tríocha ar an mBunreacht, 2018
Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2018” (no. 29 of 2018, PDF) : https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/bills/bill/2018/29/

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/25/irish-abortion-referendum-explained-what-you-need-to-know

http://www.thejournal.ie/repeal-yes-4034251-May2018/

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/how-the-yes-and-no-sides-won-and-lost-the-abortion-referendum-1.3509924

http://www.thejournal.ie/world-reaction-4037769-May2018/

http://www.thejournal.ie/simon-harris-abortion-2-4039539-May2018/

https://edition.cnn.com/2018/05/25/europe/ireland-abortion-referendum-intl/index.html

What you need to know about Ireland’s bitterly-debated abortion vote

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/abortion-referendum/abortion-facts

http://www.euronews.com/2018/01/30/which-european-countries-have-the-strictest-abortion-rules-

https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/05/25/opinion/1527275725_504618.html

https://www.corriere.it/esteri/18_maggio_27/a-dublino-si-volta-paginaanche-tanti-erroridi-chiesa-sempre-venerata-7ce23972-611d-11e8-9f1c-2fb6ab417c7d.shtml?refresh_ce-cp

 

Reklamy

45th edition of the Summer School of Polish Language and Culture at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

Emil Wojtaluk


First of all welcome back after a long break! It’s been a long time since the last post was published on our blog. Finally we are back with something fresh and we hope you will enjoy it! The first entry after the break is about an unusual program organized by the School of Polish Language and Culture of the John Paull II Catholic University of Lublin. The School was established in 1974 making it one of the oldest institutions in Poland of such kind. Its students can receive American or European credits for taking the courses. The School of Polish Language and Culture KUL participates in the national system of granting certificates of Polish as a foreign language. Here we present a concise information on the Summer School program carried out by the School.


The Summer School of Polish Language and Culture runs each year in July and August since 1974

45th edition is coming this year!

 

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Copyright: The School of Polish Language and Culture KUL (fot. Cezary Ruta)


Tailor-made programs

 

Our program distinguishes itself from others by allowing our students to design their own programs, they are always adjusted to the needs of our participants. We always try to be flexible!
The uniqueness of our Summer School can be described
in a few simple points:

  • First of all our participants have a choice of courses lasting from 2 to 8 weeks that is the only program in Poland allowing for such a wide range of learning opportunities.
  • As mentioned above there is an option for modifying the program to your individual needs, e.g. if you require more individual consultations you can request more of them, at the same time resigning from lectures or taking more classes than envisaged in the original program under additional arrangements. Also if you are interested in specific vocabulary we can always try to adjust that to your own needs.
  • We offer one of a kind levels of intensity!
  • Semi-intensive – with 4 hours* a day + a lecture
  • Intensive – with 6 hours a day + a lecture
  • Highly-intensive – the same as in an intensive course but with additional four hours a week of individual consultations.


Apart from rich and intensive language courses the cultural component of the Summer School is carried out by providing lectures on Polish culture, history, literature, music, or contemporary issues. The lectures are delivered in Polish and English.

 

Explore our country!

 

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Copyright: The School of Polish Language and Culture KUL (fot. Cezary Ruta)

The Summer School of Polish Language and Culture is not only about studying! To give you a relief after hard working days spent on learning one of the most difficult languages in the world we prepared rich cultural and social activities. This includes:

  • one-day trips to picturesque places in the Lublin region where students are given a unique opportunity to see some of the masterpieces of Polish art and architecture;
  • sightseeing of Warsaw, the capital of Poland;
  • trips to interesting places along Poland’s eastern frontier;
  • all of these activities are included in the course fee!

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    Copyright: The School of Polish Language and Culture KUL (fot. Cezary Ruta)

 

Prices and application procedure

The prices of our courses ranges from 600 EUR to 3000 EUR depending on your individual choice (2,3,4,5,6,7, or 8 weeks starting at the beginning or the end of July). The longer the course the lower the price per hour of lesson. The fee includes board and accommodation, course books and the necessary teaching materials as well as plays, concerts and the trips.
More information on specific dates and prices are available on our website (click here to redirect).
Attention! You can negotiate your price, contact us for more details!


The online application form is available HERE

The deadline for applications is May 30 each year!

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Copyright: The School of Polish Language and Culture KUL (fot. Cezary Ruta)

Feel free to ask in case of any questions!
You can drop us an e-mail at:
polski[at]kul.pl

Facebook:
School of Polish Language and Culture KUL