EU funds seem to be extra money for an ordinary citizens who, in majority, do not realize how it is that the Member States receive this financial support. The European Union is an organization that could not exist without its members due to the fact that over 69% of total EU income is money from MS which pay some amount of it in accordance with their Gross National Product. Each MS is obliged to pay 0.73% of its GNP to the EU budget. The rest of funds’ sources come from VAT income of particular MS and EU customs duties. It seems to be fair that the collection of money is inflexible because there are countries that are poorer than the others, but what about these countries which pay in more than they withdraw? Is that make any sense?
Certainly, Poland is one of these countries which obtain more than they have to pay to the EU. Such action is caused because of Cohesion Policy which point is to build a balance among the Member States and eliminate huge differences connected with economy, education, agriculture etc.
It is aimed to the areas that are less developed than the rest of the EU community. So in this case, “losing” money by some MS (they pay more to the EU than obtain afterwards) is justifiable because they fulfil the assumption to balance, widely understood, situation within the Union.
Financial support for Poland
For years 2014-20 Poland is going to get EUR 105.8 bln at all. It means that the amount increased by EUR 4.3 bln in comparison to the 2007-13 period. In the light of the current arrangements, over the next seven years Poland will be the biggest EU funds beneficiary among all the Member States, not only the biggest beneficiary of the Cohesion funds alone as has been the case so far.
We have already obtained EU money, but for what? Poland is going to be innovative and competitive on the international area. The road system is about to fill the gaps on the road-map of Poland. The process of building road connection that the authorities started before the EURO 2012 put a positive impact in this sphere. Not only big cities but also small towns have more convenient road infrastructure nearby. Additionally, to attract future investors in Polish regions the new airspace was created. From the end of 2012 Lublin city has its own airport that achieved great results in number of passengers so far.
It would be irresponsible to try to change the reality only through architectonic facilities without high-qualified persons to work there. Due to this fact, huge amount of money landed up in education. It is noticeable how schools/universities are able to help students when the costs allow to develop Internet structure, prepare training courses or find a financial support for talented persons in need.
Project, realization… and EU inspection
The European Union is willing to help very frequently but also provided some conditions. Apart from the boards informing everybody that a particular stuff is funded form EU budget there are some more complicated conditions the beneficiary has to fulfill. Granting, transfer of funds and realization of project do not mean that all duties are completed. In accordance with the regulation of national and community law, recipient of financial help, after the end of realization of venture, is obliged to maintain:
- Durability of project;
- Achievement and preservation of standards established in project;
- Profitability monitoring;
- Archiving project documentation.
The provisions of Council Regulation 1083/2006 of 11 July 2006 define the period within which the beneficiary has no possibility to introduce essential changes to the project. According to Art. 57 of the Regulation this period – related to micro, small and medium companies – is established to 3 years from the date of ending the project. In case of big companies this time is lengthened to 5 years. Timing a durability of project starts form the last tranche of financing, generally after the final control in place of project realization.
The idea of the EU is not changed through the years. From the very beginning the organization was focused on helping to build the solidarity. Beside the fact that the contemporary financial support much differ from this after II WW, still the point is the same – to remove the differences to achieve more.